Donors in the family
Technically donors in the family can be found. But research based on statistical data compiled from various donor registries worldwide suggests that if you have brothers or sisters, you have only a 25% chance of them having the same tissue type as you, and they could be your donor. Other relatives like cousins are not considered as potential donors as they are very unlikely to be a match. Parents may be a match, but the probability for that is unsubstantial.
Matched unrelated donors
The other option is a global donor database of registries for finding a compatible match, one that is often referred to as a Matched Unrelated Donor. If a brother or sister is not a match, the patient’s tissue type is used to search the register of donors to try and find a stranger who may be a match.
Once the patient’s transplant centre gets in touch with GENEBANDHU, we look at our register to search all the donors in India. We also look at donors that are available internationally.
Our team makes a list of potentially matching donors and send it to the patient’s transplant centre within 24 hours. We also contact each shortlisted donor and ensure they’re still available and willing to donate.
The lab will test the samples to find the best match. We know it’s hard to wait but this process can sometimes take a few weeks. After all the factors have been considered, such as the patient’s HLA tissue type and what is best for treating the disease, patient’s doctor chooses a donor from the shortlist.
We get in touch with the final donor and arrange for them to have blood tests and a full medical check-up to make sure they are fit and healthy to donate. Once they donate, we arrange for the stem cells to be transported from the donor to the patient as fast as possible. We have a trained and experienced volunteer courier ready to pick them up and bring them straight to the patient’s transplant centre.